In order to arrive at a future in which music festivals are a positive experience for everyone, organizers must acknowledge the problem and work toward creating a healthier culture. Here are five concrete steps they can — and should — take before next festival season rolls around.
ESTABLISH A VISIBLE CODE OF CONDUCT
The most successful festival environments are usually those that put safety expectations in writing. Pickathon in Oregon keeps a list of Do’s and Don’ts for acceptable behavior and reserves the right to turn away belligerent guests. At Newport Folk Festival, socially acceptable behavior is part of the general policy. On a smaller scale, Don Giovanni’s New Alternative Music Festival in New Jersey has created an explicit manifesto to ban discriminatory behavior.
Coachella 2016 // Photo by Philip Cosores
While a tangible, written set of rules seems like it would be a given, most major festivals don’t do a good enough job of posting behavioral expectations. Even common-sense rules that prohibit touching a woman — or anyone, for that matter — without permission must be stated clearly and visibly. The festival code of conduct and the consequences of violating it should be visible on the festival’s website, at the gates, and on flyers to ensure that there’s no excuse for missing it.
HIRE AND TRAIN SAFETY AMBASSADORS
While every festival should hold attendees to a high standard of conduct, a full-time staff needs to be on hand in case a dangerous situation breaks out. In addition to trained security, festivals should also invest in safety ambassadors, a large team of easily identifiable staff members positioned throughout the grounds.
Many festivals already do this. Bonnaroo, for example, does not limit security to stages and makes sure that staff members are easy to locate at checkpoints throughout. While every festival should employ a trained staff of security workers, it’s hard to argue against increasing the size and scope of these teams further, as well as making sure they are versed in appropriate sexual conduct. Some festivals have even had issues with security employees and assault, which is why, in addition to usual job briefing, seminars on assault and how to prevent it should be mandatory.
SET ASIDE SPACES FOR WOMEN
This year, Glastonbury premiered The Sisterhood, the festival’s first women-only venue. The concept behind the venue was simple but revolutionary: to create an “intersectional, queer, trans, and disability inclusive” space specifically for female-identifying concertgoers. The venue proved to be controversial, and female artists like Shirley Manson of Garbage openly wondered how productive it was for women to be removed from the rest of the festival instead of taking steps to make every venue feel inclusive.
Coachella 2016 // Photo by Philip Cosores
These critiques are only partially sound. As long as the industry continues to be male-dominated, spaces that empower women and give them the freedom to express themselves will always have a place at festivals. However, a safe haven doesn’t necessarily have to be a performance space. Her Forest, an initiative at Electric Forest Festival in Rothbury, Michigan, aims to provide a network of female campers. After reports of harassment at the Shambhala Music Festival in Canada, the organizers went out of their way to create a safe space where any self-identified women could go to find support or seek a reprieve from other festivalgoers. Every festival should follow suit and be open to having some sort of sanctuary where female guests can go to catch a break or seek guidance in case of incident.
PROVIDE BETTER ACCESS TO PHONES AND CHARGING STATIONS
Some of the most infamous cases of sexual assault at music festivals have occurred in the midst of unruly crowds. When large audiences lose control, it becomes more difficult for security to help those in need. If a festival isn’t hitting the bottom of Maslow’s pyramid, providing guests with a reliable and at least somewhat affordable source of food and water, things are far more likely to get out of hand. This was the case at Woodstock ‘99, where improper planning resulted in violent, rioting crowds. But even the most soundly organized festival cannot predict emergencies, so guests should also be provided with access to cell phone charging stations and dependable phone service. If somebody is in danger or even thinks they are in danger, they need to be able to locate help, especially if lost or thrown into a crowd.
CREATE A HELP HOTLINE
Free Press Summer Festival 2016 // Photo by David Brendan Hall
In recent years, artists have taken audience safety into their own hands by creating help hotlines. Speedy Ortiz, for example, encourage any fan at their shows who is being harassed or feels unsafe to text the band directly. Similarly, Modern Baseballgives out the number of their tour manager before shows, encouraging fans to text in case of emergency. While artists should definitely consider copying and implementing this practice, what’s stopping festivals from doing the same? An all-encompassing festival hotline that’s manned throughout the event could drastically improve precision of festival security, allowing a direct line to help no matter where in the crowd a victim might be located.
Surviving a music festival is a feat in itself, and the additional frustrations and fears that women and minorities face need to be addressed. In light of the recent attacks in Sweden, and accounting for a long history of festivals failing their female patrons, a new precedent of zero tolerance for harassment, intolerance, and aggressive behavior needs to be set. Music is a right, public spaces are public, and everyone, regardless of gender identity, race, or ability, should be able to enjoy a safe festival experience.
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